Transtheoretical Model Is Better Predictor of Physiological Stress than Perceived Stress Scale and Work Ability Index among Office Workers

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Transtheoretical Model Is Better Predictor of Physiological Stress than Perceived Stress Scale and Work Ability Index among Office Workers

Stress and burnout are no strangers to the average person, and even less so to those that are employed in some way or form. One popular prescription to remedy distress is physical activity. Farrona and colleagues explored perceived stress, stress responses, work ability, and physical activity through the transtheoretical model (TTM). Through these different variables authors authors hoped to evaluate which would be a better discriminate level of physiological stress. TTM can be best understood through a questionnaire that gages the participant’s stage of behavior change. TTM uses the stages of change and can be broken up into 5 different stages: (1) pre-contemplation (2) contemplation (3) preparation (4) action (5) maintenance. 

Through their study, the authors hypothesized that less physiological stress can be identified through participants in Stage 5 of TTM, high values of work ability, and lower perceived psychological stress. Results showed that TTM was a great indicator that represents physiological stress. For example, they found that participants in Stage 5 of TTM showed a significant difference in physiological stress and recovery compared to those in other stages.

When evaluating the relationship between the participant’s work ability, physiological stress, and perceived psychological stress, those who reported being competent at their jobs and having low psychological stress had lower results of physiological stress. Results suggest that those who participate in consistent physical activity who identify as being part of Stage 5 in the TYTM, have better physiological responses to stress compared to those that do not practice regular exercise. 

Authors highlight the notion that work ability is subjectively and easily influenced by a myriad of factors such as the novelty of the job and its demand and challenges associated with it. In the event that the individual feels that they are competent enough to complete the task, their work ability may be high but may still perceive other variables that increase their stress. Thus, work capacity can be linked to physiological stress when the individual feels that they are not competent and do not have the resources to complete the tasks.

The most interesting finding of the study was the decrease in subjective stress when associated with higher levels of physical activity. This confirms the prescription that many receive as a remedy to physiological and psychological stress. Most notably, authors highlight that sedentary behaviors are associated with higher levels of perceived stress.

With all things considered, esports players can garner vital information through this study to aid in their skill set development and well-being. Some key takeaways are:

  • Players who feel that they have the capacity to meet the demands of their professionals are more likely to better cope with job associated stress.
  • Players are encouraged to cultivate a consistent physical regime in order to maintain a healthy level of stress tolerance.
  • Esport psychologists are encouraged to utilize motivational interviewing to gauge the player’s level of change readiness towards their well-being. Thus, positively impacting their work ability. 

Marin-Farrona, M., Leon-Jimenez, M., Garcia-Unanue, J., Gallardo, L., Crespo-Ruiz, C., & Crespo-Ruiz, B. (2020). Transtheoretical Model Is Better Predictor of Physiological Stress than Perceived Stress Scale and Work Ability Index among Office Workers. International journal of environmental research and public health, 17(12), 4410. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17124410

Summarized by Joann Ly

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Dr. Jennifer Thai

Nutrition

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